The purpose of this research is to analyze the change of rice field in South OKU District, South Sumatera Province, Indonesia. The research method used is literature study method where the research is done with the study of library resources based on data and information that has been done in the form of secondary data. Types and data sources used are secondary data taking into account the availability of data, this study used data during the year (2007- 2016). Secondary data were obtained from literature studies, reports, publications, and other literature related to the study, as well as the agencies or agencies involved in the study, such as the Central Bureau of Statistics of South OKU, South Sumatera, Indonesia and other relevant agencies. The analytical method used is quantitative analysis and supported by qualitative descriptive analysis. To answer the first purpose used mathematical calculations and the second goal used multiple regression analysis. The result showed that it is concluded that the change of rice field in South OKU, South Sumatera Indonesia, decreased from year to year with the decreasing rate of 0,929% per year and the factors that have significant effect on the change of land area are the PDRB of agriculture sector, population, and the length of road.