Cagnacci, Nathalia ; Paz de Lima, Paulo Junior ; Nery, Telma de Cassia dos Santos, Brazil
The municipality of Tremembe is in the Paraiba Valley region, in the State of Sao Paulo- Brazil. It has a population of 40,984 inhabitants. It houses an agricultural production mainly represented by the cultivation of rice by flooding technique and a chemical additives factory. The present study aims to analyze the incidence of neoplasias and congenital malformations in the city of Tremembe / SP; to analyze the health data of the municipality of Tremembe, referring to the neoplasias and the congenital malformations, comparing with the data of neighboring municipalities like Taubate, Pindamonhangaba and Aguas de Sao Pedro, belonging to the same region of study. This is a cross-sectional descriptive study on the incidence of neoplasias and congenital malformations, based on data collected from the Health System of the Ministry of Health in 4 municipalities in the State of Sao Paulo / SP. The results point to a higher incidence of neoplasias and congenital malformations in the Tremembe region. The results indicate the need for analysis between the exposure of the population of the municipality of Tremembe to the chemicals harmful to health used in industry and local agriculture and the number of cases of congenital malformations.