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ISSN : 2456-3676

Title:
URBANIZATION, A CHALLENGE FOR FAMILY FARMING IN THE WESTERN PERIPHERY OF THE CITY OF ABOMEY-CALAVI (SOUTH BENIN)

Authors:
VISSOH A. Sylvain, et ASSONGBA Yedjanlognon Fautin, Benin

Abstract:
In most developing countries, family farming is the main form of organization of agriculture. It provides most of the supply of food crops to cities. The aim of this research is to analyze the effects of urbanization on this form of agriculture in the western periphery of the city of Abomey-Calavi, particularly in the Glo-Djigbe district. This work has mobilized several research techniques and tools, in particular documentary analyzes and direct field observations, to which were added a series of interviews and surveys combining qualitative and quantitative approaches: 175 households investing in family farming were interviewed; two agents from the Regional Action Center for Rural Development (CARDER) are also interviewed. The results obtained from the processing of the collected data were analyzed according to the SWOT or FFOM (Strengths-Weaknesses-Opportunities and Threats) model. At the end of the analysis, it is noted that two modes are mainly used to access agricultural land in the borough: purchase (47.80%) and inheritance (46.10%). Production is carried out in monoculture (55% of agricultural households) or in combination crops (45% of agricultural households). Despite the borough's agricultural potential, family farming is increasingly threatened by urbanization: ten years ago (1995-2010), a 25% re-conversion of plantations into a dwelling was noted. Built-up areas saw their proportion increase by 60% in the period. Given the importance of this form of agriculture for agricultural households, it is important to frame urbanization through the development and implementation of a consensual Community Management Plan.

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