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ISSN : 2456-3676


Dr. Gamal Elkassar, Egypt

Prior to the 1990s, all the irrigation schemes in Uganda were managed by Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF). With the policy reform and restructuring of MAAIF 1998 in which schemes and government farms were de-linked from MAAIF to the Ministry of Water and Environment MWE. MAAIF continued to provide support to the farmers by assigning core technical staff to the schemes and this remains the current set-up. Farmers were encouraged to form cooperatives/associations as a pillar for day-to-day management of the irrigation schemes. The current management system presents governance challenges to achieving an effective and functional organization structure/system for the irrigation schemes. There are challenges of cost recovery for operation and maintenance with lack of clarity on institutional functions/ roles/ relationships with respect to regulation of the water resource. In various countries, the new approach based on economic incentives and participatory decision making is being used to the people who need them. This technical research describes some of these promising initiatives and examines the general principles that underlie them in the context of water/irrigation projects in Uganda. This research looks at the guidance of the World Bank and other agencies can encourage efforts to meet the challenge of providing environmentally sustainable water services. The overall objective is to support the Ministry of Water and Environment (MWE) establish the institutional structures and systems available at the irrigation schemes and support the implementation of the proposed institutional structures through participatory farmer based organizations in order to foster commercially viable irrigation services for sustainable management and regulation of the schemes. The overall purpose of this technical approach is to provide the broad direction and guidance to the entire target Capacity Development CD process, and ensuring the implementation of the new approach of private sector participation and enforcement of Public-Private-Partnership PPP system, in the meantime, introducing the proposed Cost-Recovery Mechanism and related by-law guidelines. This idea is to pursuit of the achievement of the successful transformation for the three commissioned Irrigation Schemes of Agoro, Mubuku and Doho. These are focusing on: institutional, policy and projectsí frameworks and strategy operationalization; as well as the implementation and management of the CD Strategy itself. This assessment study is to provide afford able and sustainable low cost methods of water use by applying the designed irrigation scheduling, operation and maintenance and scheme management. The provided mechanism within this technical study will ensure securing the required Capacity Development for the sustainability of the established irrigation schemes. Such data is expected to make commitment to promoting the economic activities of many elderly people in a way of preventing the fall accident as well as ensuring safe and comfortable walking.

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